Lancia 037 była ewolucją samochodu Beta Monte-Carlo, używanego w latach 1980-81 do testowania nowych rozwiązań mechanicznych i turbodoładowania. Po raz pierwszy zaprezentowana w październiku 1981 roku, wyposażona była w 16-zaworowy 4-cylindrowy silnik bazujący na sercu Fiata 131. Zmodyfikowany przez Abartha, dwulitrowy, umieszczony wzdłużnie i wyposażony w sprężarkę silnik, wytwarzał w Lancii ponad 200 KM. 200 egzemplarzy wymaganych do homologacji było gotowe w kwietniu 1982 roku, co uczyniło z Lancii 037 pierwszy prawdziwy samochód Grupy B. Co prawda tytuł Rajdowego Mistrza Świata w 1982 roku przypadł Audi, ale kolejny sezon należał już do Włochów. Udowodniły to dwa okazy 037 prowadzone przez Waltera Röhrla i Markku Alena, które zajęły 1. i 2. miejsce w klasyfikacji generalnej Rajdu Monte-Carlo. Wyrównana walka z Audi trwała aż do ostatniego rajdu w San Remo i zakończyła się sukcesem Lancii. Perspektywa na rok 1984 nie była już najlepsza. Walter Röhrl przeszedł do Audi, a Peugeoty nabierały mocy. Ciężko było podjąć walkę z samochodami z napędem na cztery koła, szczególnie na luźnych nawierzchniach. Mimo to 037 pokazała co potrafi, szczególnie imponujący wynik to 1. i 2. miejsce w Tour de Corse i kilka innych podiów w sezonie. To pozostawiło niezatarte wrażenie. Lancia 037 z Tour De Corse 1983 w pamiętnych barwach Martini oraz oznaczeniami duetu M. Alen, I. Kivimaki to marzenie niejednego kolekcjonera. Wystawiona na sprzedaż Lancia zbudowana została według specyfikacji Evo 2 w fabryce Abartha. Należy zachować ostrożność odnosząc się do historii egzemplarza. Często zespoły rajdowe miały jeden dokument rejestracyjny dla kilku samochodów. W tym egzemplarzu sekcja przegrody z wybitym numerem została odcięta i ponownie wspawana, przez co dom aukcyjny nie jest w stanie z całą pewnością zweryfikować tożsamość samochodu. Na pewno Lancia 037 Evo 2 zachowana w takim stanie jest rzadkością. Samochód przez ostatnie trzy dekady konserwowany był w muzeum i prezentuje się świetnie. Aukcja zakończyła się sprzedażą samochodu za 548320 euro, czyli prawie 2,5 milona złotych.
Photos © Peter Singhof
Sale Parisienne 2021 – 05 february 2021 /Lot 12 1985 Lancia 037
1985 Lancia 037
Estimation 500,000 – 800,000 €
Sold 548,320 €
Châssis n°ZLA151AR0*00000412 (voir texte)
– Group B pioneer, 1983 World Title model
– Evo 2 factory specification
– Remarkably well-conserved condition
– Legendary machine
A pioneer in Group B, the Lancia 037 was atypical being a simple rear-wheel drive with a design emphasising low weight and handling, as Cesare Fiorio had wanted. In fact, the 037 was an evolution of the Beta Monte-Carlo endurance car, used during 1980 – 1981 to test both mechanical and turbo supercharging solutions.
First presented in October 1981, the car had a monocoque structure with tubular sub-frames at front and back, and was equipped with the Fiat 131 Abarth’s 16-valve 4-cylinder engine positioned longitudinally and fitted with a mechanically-controlled Abarth compressor. Light and compact, the Lancia 037 was the first real Group B car and made its entrance during the 1982 season, as the 200 examples required for homologation were ready by April 1982. After an initial outing in April in the Costa Esmerelda Rally in Sardinia, the first evolution arrived in time for the Madeira Rally, with Bosch injection replacing the single Weber carburettor and a water injection system added. The best results came at the end of the season with Markku Alen finishing fourth in the RAC Rally, the first of the Group B cars.
The 1982 title went to Audi but, with the 'running-in' season completed, Lancia was well-prepared for 1983. Which was demonstrated from the off, with the two 037s driven by Walter Röhrl and Markku Alen finishing 1st and 2nd in the Monte-Carlo Rally. The Italian team then came in behind Audi in Portugal, but were in control again for the Tour de Corse with a top three finish, followed by a one-two in Greece and a victory in New Zealand. Audi started to catch up towards the end of the season when Lancia struck the final blow with a top-three finish at San Remo: the World Title was back in their hands!
The outlook wasn’t so good for 1984 : Walter Röhrl left for Audi to drive the highly developed Quattro Sport, and the Peugeots were gaining in power. Despite an increased engine size of 2 111cc, the two-wheel drive of the 037s struggled against machines with four-wheel drive, particularly on loose surfaces. This didn’t stop the 037s valiantly defending themselves, and there was a particularly impressive 1-2 result in the Tour de Corse and several other podium finishes. Cesare Fiorio, needing to respond, began preparing the Delta S4, but although this new machine appeared at the end of 1984, it wasn’t homologated until the end of 1985. Although the 037 handled brilliantly, it couldn’t match its competitors and the best result during 1985 was Mikki Biasion’s second place in the Portuguese Rally.
In any event, this model has left Markku Alen with some wonderful memories, which he recalled recently in Classic & Sports Car: ” I don’t know if it’s the best car that I’ve driven, but it was my favourite. It was also the only one I didn’t roll…I loved the 037, but only having two-wheel drive put us at a disadvantage off road. On the tarmac it was unbeatable. I won the Tour de Corse in 1983 and 1984 in an 037, and I was very proud of these results.”
As one of the first Group B cars to appear, the Lancia 037 had time to distinguish itself beyond the World Rally Championship, in national and European championships driven by such talented drivers as Andruet, Darniche, Capone, Tabaton and Clarr, as well as those mentioned above. It left a lasting impression in this memorable era of rallying.
The car in the sale
The Lancia 037 in the collection is in Evo 2 configuration, built to Abarth factory Group B specification for 1983 – 1986. Olivier Quesnel recalls:
„When we set up the collection, I wanted to include an 037. I mentioned this to Bruno Saby, who told me that there was one at Volta, the Italian preparer. We were able to get hold of it in 1990. I am of the opinion that it ran first in „Lancia Martini” colours, then in the „Olio Fiat” livery with Fabrizio Tabaton.”
One must remain cautious about the history and particular races the car took part in in period. For, as we have seen with other marques, it was common for large teams to have one registration document for several cars, to allow for the constraints of time, geography and availability. One registration document could be associated with several cars and histories, and as we have seen on other 037 Evo 2s, it appears that the section of the bulkhead with the chassis number stamped on has been cut away and re-welded, so we are not able to verify the car’s identity with certainty.
These elements are an illustration of the different era this car comes from. What is worth noting is how rare it is to come across an 037 Evo 2 that has been in the hands of one careful owner since 1990, when it was acquired directly from Volta.
Having been conserved vigilantly at the museum for the last three decades, this car is presented in incredibly well-conserved condition, with its 4-cylinder water injection engine and mechanically-controlled Abarth supercharger. It was re-done in „Martini” livery by Volta. We were able to listen to the engine started up but the car will require a full re-commission before it can be driven. Here is a rare opportunity to acquire a Group B pioneer, one of few cars to have performed brilliantly in this class with two-wheel drive, thanks to its low weight and superb handling. The 037 won the World Rally Championship for Lancia in 1983, and was the Italian marque’s only Group B car to do so. A genuine icon from this legendary category.
We inform buyers that all the vehicles in the collection have been little used during the last years as they are part of a museum collection. They are sold as presented and therefore require recommissioning before being driven on the road.
COLLECTION MICHEL HOMMELL ET OLIVIER QUESNEL
At the start of the 1970s, I had the privilege of meeting Michel Hommell and Olivier Quesnel, before they had forged the perfect collaboration.
Olivier, Patrick Tambay’s closest childhood friend, started his career working in PR for the Simca Racing Team, before joining Jean Todt at Peugeot Talbot Sport, and Michel Hommell, a former R8 Gordini Cub competitor, was diversifying his motorsport-themed publishing group, which included the flagship publication ” Echappement „. Following a first dinner they shared the uncanny feeling of having known each other forever. They found reasons to meet, particularly for games of squash where the loser offered the winner a case of wine, and the publisher vowed : ” I will ask you to join me when I have the means to pay for your talents „.
This came to pass in 1984 and six months later, Olivier took over the running of the group. For the next 25 years, the two friends lived in each other’s shadow, working in the same office. Two visionaries, one calm, optimistic and tenacious, the other rigorous, quick-witted with an eye for the big picture.
At the end of the 1980s, in his château in Wideville, Jacky Setton assembled a collection of Formula 1 ” winners „, with a vision, originality and ambition that I have described in ” Une Collection d’Avance „. It was with the same aim that our two accomplices approached the rally discipline, amazed by the performance of these cars and the courage and skill required by the drivers to tame them. Michel and Olivier were boosted by their own involvement, during the 1988 season in the French Rallycross Championship, with the talented Bruno Saby at the wheel of the monstrous Lancia Delta S4 in Metal 5 colours. This S4 would form the cornerstone of a collection they went on to assemble from across Europe, just as these ephemeral and iconic Group B cars were leaving the scene, providing an obvious appeal and a guaranteed authenticity. The Group B room is one of the most thrilling sections of the museum in Lohéac, combining the uncompromising brutality of these victorious beauties with an admiration for the talents of their drivers, tightrope walkers on the fragile thread of life.
In 2008 Olivier was offered the management of Citroën Racing, and Peugeot Sport the following year. The result : 4 driver’s and constructor’s world championship titles for Citroën and two first places at Le Mans in 2009, as well as a World Endurance title in 2011 for Peugeot. Meanwhile, Hommell built himself a kind of feudalism of which he has become the benevolent lord. It offers a celebration, reanimating the sleepy village of Lohéac, a museum, bringing together more than 400 cars, an exhibition of popular Arts and Traditions, and sport, with the creation of a circuit capable of hosting a round of the Rallycross World Championship…
The friendship continues, as strong as ever, summed up by the words of Montaigne talking about La Boétie: ” because it was him, because it was me „.
The collection reflects the personality of these two inseparable competitors !