Ferrari 250 powstawało w latach 1953-64, będąc najbardziej utytułowaną serią w historii marki. Choć pierwotnie były to wozy o charakterze ściśle wyścigowym, z czasem zaczęto oferować również odmiany na ulice. Ferrari 250 GT SWB Berlinetta stworzone zostało na bazie wyścigowego modelu 250 GT Tour de France, jednak w odróżnieniu od pierwowzoru, dla lepszego prowadzenia, skrócono o 20 mm rozstaw osi. Nad prowadzeniem i osiągami czuwał zespół inżynierów Bizzarrini, Chiti, Forghieri – ten sam, który później opracował legendarne 250 GTO. Nadwozie nowego modelu zaprojektowane zostało przez studio Pininfarina, a zbudowane przez Scaglietti. Niesamowita wyścigówka z silnikiem Colombo V12 i zastosowanymi po raz pierwszy w serii GT hamulcami tarczowymi przy wszystkich kołach, powstawała w dwóch wersjach: Lusso – drogowej i Competizione – torowej. Do 1962 roku 250 GT SWB Berlinetta zbudowano tylko 165 egzemplarzy, w tym około 89 z homologacją drogową, jak ten wystawiony na aukcji. Mimo drogowego przeznaczenia, Ferrari wyposażone zostało w klika elementów polepszających jego osiągi, między innymi wyścigowe gaźniki, wyczynową skrzynię biegów, wydech Abarth’a i amortyzatory Milletto. Ponadto okaz posiada aluminiowe drzwi, maskę i pokrywę bagażnika, co czyni go jednym z 10 lub 11 semi-wyścigowych fabrycznych egzemplarzy. Samochód z bogatą i w pełni udokumentowaną historią, po kompleksowej odbudowie zakończonej w 2015 roku, wyceniony został na 9 – 10 milionów dolarów, czyli około 36 – 40 milionów złotych.
1961 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Berlinetta by Scaglietti
Chassis no. 2639
Engine no. 2639
Gearbox no. 114
$9,000,000 – $10,000,000
To be auctioned on Saturday, March 11, 2017
235 bhp, 2,953 cc SOHC V-12 engine with three Weber 40 DCL6 carburetors, four-speed manual competition transmission, independent front suspension with parallel A-arms and coil springs with tubular shock absorbers, solid rear axle with semi-elliptical leaf springs, and four-wheel disc brakes. Wheelbase: 94.5 in.
The 83rd of 165 SWB examples built
Factory-equipped with competition-style carburetors and alloy ribbed gearbox
Comprehensive restoration by Motion Products completed in 2015
Best-of-Show winner at the 2015 Concorso Italiano
Platinum Award at the 2015 FCA International Meet
Platinum Award and Ferrari Classiche Cup at the 2016 Cavallino Classic
Original numbers-matching drivetrain; Ferrari Classiche certified
THE SHORT-WHEELBASE BERLINETTA
During the course of 1959, Ferrari began to implement changes to its highly successful 250 GT Berlinetta Tour de France (TdF), which had won the classic French road rally for which it was nicknamed for two consecutive years. Presaging a general shift that the 250 GT model line would soon take, the competition berlinettas received new bodywork designed by Pininfarina and built by Scaglietti. Doing away with the TdF’s finned rear fenders and vented sail panels, the new berlinetta featured fenders integrated into the body, a short front overhang emphasized by a sloping windscreen, and a glass-heavy fastback tail with small quarter-panel panes behind the doors. Seven examples were so bodied before a more permanent change was undertaken.
At the Paris Salon in October 1959, Ferrari revealed a new 250 GT berlinetta riding a shorter wheelbase that shaved 200 millimeters from the long-running 2,600-millimeter wheelbase. This lightened chassis served as a perfect frame for the new coachwork design, which was appropriately shortened to eliminate the rear quarter-panel windows. (The short batch of seven cars were retroactively referred to as the Interim Berlinettas.)
As important as the dimensional changes were, however, the new short-wheelbase 250 GT (SWB) amounted to far more than just a smaller chassis and handsome new coachwork. For the first time, Dunlop disc brakes were fitted as standard equipment to all four wheels, while tubular Miletto or Koni shock absorbers were utilized at the front corners. The latest version of the vaunted Colombo V-12, the tipo 168, featured the outside-plug, non-siamesed ported head that had proven effective on the Testa Rossas and California Spiders.
Intended to truly embody the dual-purpose road/racing agenda, the new SWB could be ordered in either street (Lusso) or competition (competizione) trim levels, with the competition cars receiving all-alloy coachwork and specially tuned engines with competition carburetors and revised camshaft profiles. The racing examples continued on the heels of their LWB forebears’ dominance at the Tour de France from 1956 through 1959, handily winning the event from 1960 to 1962, as well as the RAC Tourist Trophy races at Goodwood in 1960 and 1961.
In the October 1960 issue of Sports Cars Illustrated (soon to be renamed Car and Driver), a road test reviewer opined about the advances made by Maranello in the SWB berlinetta, calling it “an absolutely unique piece of machinery that knows not a single peer!” The writer described the highly developed Colombo motor as “the greatest automotive engine in the world today,” and after raving about its “live and obedient throttle response,” he similarly described the legendary V-12 exhaust note as “the most wonderful racket ever to reverberate in an eager enthusiast’s eardrums,” a “soul-stirring cacophony.” The review further noted the Ferrari’s “excellent manners in town,” concluding that the latest 250 GT was “an automobile of absolute top class, [and] the finest genuine sports car we have ever driven.”
Only 165 examples of all configurations of the 250 GT short-wheelbase berlinetta were built through 1962, including approximately 89 examples specified for street use. A regular race winner capable of 150 mph and five-second 0–60 mph acceleration times, the SWB has evolved into one of today’s most collectable vintage Ferraris, claiming both timeless aesthetics and powerful modern mechanicals.
SWB NUMBER 2639
Benefiting from an award-winning restoration as well as Red Book certification from Ferrari Classiche, this beautiful 250 GT is undoubtedly one of the finest SWBs. Chassis number 2639 is believed to be one of 41 examples built to road-car specifications in 1961, and the 83rd example built overall. While the berlinetta was not a full-bore competizione example, it was fitted with many competition features, including a ribbed competition gearbox, competition Weber carburetors, an Abarth exhaust system, upgraded camshafts, and Milletto shock absorbers, as well as the exclusion of front and rear bumpers for an aggressive, race-inspired look. Like most SWB examples produced in 1961, the car featured alloy doors, hood, and trunk lid on the otherwise steel coachwork. It is believed to be one of 10 or 11 such “semi-competition” examples that were outfitted with desirable competition features from the Factory.
On 5 April 1961, the chassis was sent to Scaglietti in Modena for bodywork, and it was finished in grigio argento paint and trimmed with nero vaumol leather upholstery. The berlinetta’s mechanicals were completed that summer, with the rear axle assembled on 26 July and the Colombo-designed V-12 finishing assembly a day later. On 31 July, the chassis was officially completed and the SWB was soon dispatched for retail to Parauto S.n.c., a Ferrari dealer in Genova, Italy, where it was purchased by local resident Marco Dall’Orso.
Later in the decade, 2639 was acquired by Rome-based dealer Roberto Goldini, and he arranged a sale to Edwin Niles, the attorney in Los Angeles who has owned and traded so many Ferraris over the decades. Niles sold the SWB to Barry and Michael Schwartz, the proprietors of Continental Auto Body in North Hollywood, and they sold the car in 1970 to Peter Boyd of Hollywood, a collector of Ferraris and other racing sports cars who was also reportedly an actor and singer.
In 1972, the SWB was purchased by Hal Mayfield of Dallas, Texas, and he sold it in 1974 to Roger Plummer of Sulphur Springs, Texas. Around this time, the owner took the opportunity to customize the car’s nose with recessed covered headlamps in the style of a California Spider.
In the 1980s, the berlinetta was acquired by Stephen Forristall GT Cars of Houston, and it was domiciled for several years while being restored with a rebuilt gearbox and clutch, and a modified intake featuring a cold-air box with velocity stacks. Furthermore, the body was refinished in red and the interior was reupholstered with tan leather. In March 1985, the Ferrari passed through two New York-based dealers before being purchased in 1986 by Alfred Guggisberg’s Oldtimer Garage Ltd. in Toffen, Switzerland. Temporarily sold to Erich Traber of Berne, the car was then sold to Beat Kanzig of Oberrohrdorf, Switzerland, who kept it for the following 13 years. While in his possession, the modified front fascia was corrected to the original factory configuration.
Over the next two years, 2639 was offered by two Swiss dealers as well as Axel Urban’s Protrade GmbH in Hamburg, Germany, who eventually sold the car in late 2001 to respected Ferrari expert Jon Hajduk, the proprietor of Motorkraft in Indiana. Though the car was titled in Hajduk’s name, it was acquired circa 2002 by Peter Dyson, the esteemed collector and former owner of Noble Automotive (the British supercar manufacturer), and brother of the principal of Dyson Racing (the well-known successful Porsche privateers).
Dyson presented the SWB at the 38th Annual FCA Nationals meeting held in Los Angeles in May 2002, and he went on to keep the car for nine more years before quietly offering it for sale. In 2011, Dyson sold the Ferrari to the consignor, a New York-based collector who embarked on an effort to return the car to a more factory-correct state. After consulting with Ferrari Classiche, the consignor commissioned the installation of a correct new exhaust, and re-configuration of the engine intake. Following these and other minor corrective procedures, the SWB was authenticated with Red Book certification that attests to the presence of the original matching-numbers engine and drivetrain.
In 2012, Rod Drews’ F.A.I. in Costa Mesa, California, performed a major mechanical service as well as a rebuilding of the suspension, repairing cracked headers, repairing the roller cam followers, and properly tuning the engine. Two years later, the marque experts at MPI Motion Products in Wisconsin overhauled the SWB for optimal authenticity and factory-correct presentation, though with the addition of the standard bumpers, completing a two-year refurbishment (including engine rebuild) in 2015.
On 14 August 2015, the consignor presented 2639 at the Quail Motorsports Gathering in Carmel Valley, California, where it competed in “The Great Ferraris” class. A day later, the SWB was exhibited at Concorso Italiano in Seaside and won the prestigious trifecta, Best in Class, Best Ferrari, and Best of Show. On 17 August, the car was judged at the FCA Nationals in Monterey and scored 97.5 out of a possible 100 points. The consignor quickly set about correcting the car’s minor deficits, and indeed when presented at the Cavallino Classic in Palm Beach, Florida, five months later, the SWB improved by a full point. The score of 98.5 points was sufficient to win the Ferrari Classiche Cup for the finest factory-certified Ferrari, a notable distinction given the number of expertly restored Classiche-documented cars on display. Most recently, the SWB was shown at the 2017 Boca Raton Concours d’Elegance where it was awarded Best in Class (Foreign Sports, 1960-1975 – Closed).
Documented by a comprehensive file, including factory build sheets, restoration photos and invoices, FCA scoring sheets, and a history by marque expert Marcel Massini, 2639 is a particularly desirable example of one of Maranello’s most coveted models. The beautifully restored SWB berlinetta is ready for immediate use or further competitive display, offering discerning connoisseurs an opportunity to acquire a perfectly sorted Ferrari legend.