Lancia Delta S4 Stradale 1988 – Francja

Lancia to niestety zapomniana już marka, choć od połowy lat 60-tych aż do początku lat 90-tych ubiegłego stulecia była czołową siłą w świecie rajdów, zdobywając między 1972 a 1992 rokiem aż 11 tytułów mistrzowskich. Dzięki modelom takim jak Fulvia HF, Stratos, 037 czy rodzina Delty: S4 i HF Integrale, marka już na zawsze pozostanie w naszej pamięci. Lancia Delta S4 stworzona została jak wszystkie wyżej wymienione, jako wymóg homologacyjny do startu w rajdowych Mistrzostwach Świata. Była odpowiedzią na czteronapędowe Audi, które wówczas święciło tryumfy. Choć drogowa Delta była konwencjonalnym pięciomiejscowym hatchbackiem z napędem na przednie koła, to dwumiejscowa Delta S4 posiadała silnik tam, gdzie byliby pasażerowie z tyłu. Pod lekką, kompozytową karoserią wyczynowej Delty skrywało się podwozie i rama przestrzenna (podobnie jak w Lancii 037) oraz całkowicie regulowane, niezależne zawieszenie. Skrzynia biegów w rajdówce napędzała wszystkie cztery koła za pośrednictwem środkowego i tylnego mechanizmu różnicowego, podczas gdy zaprojektowany przez Abartha silnik o pojemności 1759 cm³ z 16 zaworami wykorzystywał zarówno sprężarkę, jak i turbodoładowanie, aby zmniejszyć skutki “turbodziury”. Dziś na aukcji możemy zobaczyć używaną tylko przez 13 miesięcy, Lancię Delta S4 Stradale, czyli drogową wersję tego wyczynowego samochodu. Zdaniem ekspertów przetrwało ich do dzisiaj mniej niż 80 sztuk, a okaz który przejechał zaledwie 3300 kilometrów to niezwykle rzadka i bardzo pożądana okazja. Lancia z włoską dokumentacją, oryginalną instrukcją, Libretto i książką serwisową wyceniona została na 550 – 650 tysięcy euro, czyli 2,3 – 2,8 miliona złotych, a licytowana będzie w Paryżu już 6 lutego.

Link: https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/26005/lot/251/

LOT 251
1988 Lancia Delta S4 Stradale
Chassis no. ZLA038ARO00000026

€ 550,000 – 650,000
PLN 2,300,000 – 2,800,000

Les Grandes Marques du Monde au Grand Palais
6 Feb 2020, 14:00 CET
Paris, The Grand Palais

Fewer than 3,300 kilometres from new
1988 Lancia Delta S4 Stradale
Chassis no. ZLA038ARO00000026

– Ultra-rare and exclusive ‘homologation special’
– One of an estimated fewer than 80 in existence
– Two owners from new
– Italian documentation and original books

From the mid-1960s until the early 1990s, Lancia was a major force in international rallying, winning the World Rally Championship for Makes no fewer than 11 times between 1972 and 1992, including a remarkable six successive victories commencing in 1987. During the same period, Lancia drivers won the European Rally Championship on 14 occasions and the World Drivers’ Championship (only instigated in 1978) four times. The models used – Fulvia HF, Stratos, Rally 037 and the Delta family: S4, HF and Integrale – are among the most successful rally cars of all time.

Following Audi’s lead, Lancia had introduced a new four-wheel-drive World Rally Championship contender in 1985, the Delta S4, which bore more than a passing resemblance to its road-going namesake. That deliberate likeness though, was merely skin deep, for the two cars had next to nothing in common mechanically. For whereas the Delta road car was a conventional, front-wheel-drive, five-seater hatchback, the two-seater S4 carried its engine where the rear seat passengers would have been and concealed a tubular spaceframe chassis – similar to that of the Rally 037 and incorporating fully adjustable all-independent suspension – beneath lightweight composite bodywork. Featuring numerous aerodynamic aids designed to increase downforce at high speeds, both front and rear sections of the S4’s body were quickly detachable in the case of an accident.

The transmission drove all four wheels via central and rear differentials while the Abarth-designed 1,759cc, 16-valve engine broke new ground also, employing both supercharging and turbo-charging to reduce the effects of ‘turbo lag’ at low revs. As the FIA applied a ‘x1.4′ formula to the capacity of forced induction engines, the Delta S4 ran in the up-to-2,500cc class, which permitted a minimum weight of 890kg (1,958 lbs). A maximum power output of around 400bhp was available from the start, rising to in excess of 500bhp by the end of development.

After the required 200 Stradale (road-going) models required by Group B regulations had – allegedly – been constructed, the competition version made its first appearance in November 1985 at the RAC Rally, Henri Toivonen and Markku Alén finishing 1st and 2nd respectively to record one of the most successful debuts in rallying history. The Delta S4 went on to score three more World Championship victories in 1986, securing Lancia 2nd place in the Makes’ competition and 2nd place for Alén in the Drivers’ before being compulsorily retired at the end of the year when the FIA imposed Group A regulations for 1987. The FIA’s decision had been prompted by a series of serious accidents, including Toivonen’s fatal crash in Corsica at the wheel of a works S4, which also claimed the life of his co-driver, Sergio Cresto.

In use for only 13 months, the Lancia Delta S4 is one of the rarest of Group B rally cars. There is considerable doubt that Lancia actually produced the 200 road cars required for homologation, expert opinion being that fewer than 80 exist today.

Finished in red, this Delta S4 retains its original seats and original steering wheel. It was purchased five years ago be the current vendor, who is only its second owner, and has covered fewer than 3,300 kilometres from new. This ultra-rare and highly desirable ‘homologation special’ is offered with Italian documentation, an original Lancia S4 Uso et Manutenzione manual, original Libretto di Assistenza guide, and the service book.